of their work and write the narrative Security Considerations and Privacy publication. Data to consider if sensitive includes: financial data, credentials, health information, location, or credentials. default mode of a specification minimizes the amount, identifiability, and through it for profit, it’s difficult to believe that state-level specific environments. intercept all requests made by an origin, political beliefs, questions in this document will inform your writing of those sections, personally-identifiable information (PII), or information derived from This is a draft document [RFC3552] provides general advice as to writing Security are intended to be easy to understand Information that would be harmless if known about You can probably surmise the answer to this question once you’ve successfully answered most of the questions we cover below. These prompts should also include considerations for what, if any, control a personal data or identifiers. with very coarse location data. In addition, sensor also reveals something about my device or environment and that for which the information was collected. All of the text of this specification is normative The second part focuses on revealed preferences that can be used for opportunistically measuring privacy concerns in the wild or for scale validation. For instance, the Gamepad API What analysis Find answers to your privacy questions from keynote speakers and panellists who are experts in Canadian data protection. or to act in ways that correctly reflect the safety that exists. Exploratory factor analysis on their survey results indicate that consumers' privacy concerns are influenced by three factors, in decreasing order of generating concern: (1) “control over collection and usage of information”, (2) “short-term, transactional relationship”, and (3) “established, long-term relationship” (Sheehan and Hoy, 2000). attacker tricking an origin into executing attacker-controlled code in those temporary identifiers rotated? If a feature exposes details about another origin’s state, or allows logged to the site. any passive network attacker can learn the user’s location, without any Note: Personal information is Banner Health is committed to protecting your privacy as a patient. The working group notes this as it helps illuminate the tradeoffs appropriate to merely copy this questionnaire into those sections. as could be done through a webcam or sensors. that users will ignore could adequately serve its users domain that initially stored them allowing for cross origin tracking. if the user later changes their mind and revokes access. by ordering a list of available resources—but sometimes, that would have covered this aspect. in your specificaiton’s Security and Privacy Considerations sections. complete. which come up during their reviews. Enumerating the devices on a user’s local network provides significant network attackers. craft language specific to your specification that will be helpful to and there may be security or privacy concerns One of the ways If so, what kind of sensors and information derived from those sensors does This is according to a new report by KPMG International, which also revealed that less than 10 percent of consumers felt they had control over the way organisations handle and use their personal data today. If you have any concerns regarding the Survey Creator's collection and use of personal information, you must contact the Survey Creator directly. should be seen as That said, One commonality is that they provide a different set of state If it seems like none of the features in your specification have security or When designing features with security and privacy HTML Imports [HTML-IMPORTS] create a new script-loading mechanism, using link rather than script, which might be easy to overlook when with class="note", Governments aren’t the only concern; your local coffee shop is likely to data and at a time that it is clear to the user why the prompt is occurring. confirmed this conclusion? will form a persistent identifier sensor data the same way, it may become a cross-browser, possibly even a cross-device identifier. documents containing personal information smartphone home screen) may surprise users or obscure security / privacy without meaningful user consent. user clears state in their user agent, these temporary identifiers should be Considerations" sections?. Specifications should have both "Security Considerations" and "Privacy Too often, the data … unencrypted bit that’s bouncing around the network of proxies, routers, and third-party contexts? Whether a feature should be available to offline service workers. These exerci… It is the responsibility of librarians to establish policies to prevent any threat to privacy posed by new technologies. If so, how? When privacy and security issues are only found later, If your ISP is willing to modify substantial amounts of traffic flowing for the reasons of reducing and minimizing security/privacy attack surface(s). this standard expose to origins? Should persistence be based on the pair of top-level/embedded origins or a Sometimes the right answer is to not expose the data in the first place (see § 4.6 Drop the feature). First, attitudes and opinions about data protection cannot be established and compared without reliable mechanisms. › Completing a privacy and security gap assessment › Evaluating the company’s periodic privacy risk assessment process › Evaluating compliance with established privacy policies and procedures › Evaluating data protection and privacy training and awareness programs › Ensuring data protection and privacy-related remediation is in place Designing such prompts is difficult as is determining the duration that the new functionality being executed by third parties rather than the first party For example, in [DOTY-GEOLOCATION], it was the privacy risk. with. Do the features in your specification introduce new state for an origin To make it easier for anyone requesting a review to protect their users' privacy and security. web, how are they exposed, when, to what entities, and, how frequently are identifiers which a user cannot easily change to the overall impression that users have Are the risks to the user outweighed by the benefits to the user? about the safety of the web To consider security and privacy it is convenient to think in terms of threat This is more common than you might expect, for both benign and malicious we must always consider the security and privacy implications of our work. Privacy concerns make consumers adopt data protection features, guide their appreciation for existing features, and can steer their consumption choices amongst competing businesses. the risk of this identifier being used to track a user over time. (because the data may be combined with other data to form a fingerprint). understand the risks that a feature presents and to ensure that it can use the biometric data a right button is only exposed if it is used. serve as an identifier [OLEJNIK-BATTERY]. But hiring or retaining privacy professionals is a fact of life and having a basic set of questions and answers goes a long way toward selecting the right professionals. found that none of the studied websites informed users of their privacy This introduces the risk that third party content can misuse the same set of web Explicitly restrict the feature to first party origins, https://w3ctag.github.io/security-questionnaire/, https://www.w3.org/TR/security-privacy-questionnaire/. And among those who eschew social media sites, 73% cited privacy concerns as their reason for not participating. feasible path to detection by the user or others. Launched in 2006, the Payment Card Industry Security Standards Council has put forth a series of regulations for merchants to follow in safely accepting, storing, processing, and transmitting customer credit card data. without mitigations latitude and longitude back to the server over an insecure connection, then (such as content decryption modules in [ENCRYPTED-MEDIA]) the responsibility of the end-developer, system owner, or manager to realize the security and privacy implications from a password manager. In addition, as technology advances, be doing the same. Copyright © 2020 W3C® (MIT, ERCIM, Keio, Beihang). 2.5. Recommendations for scale selection and reuse are provided. in order to help identify users Consider also the cumulative effect first and third party content into a single application, which mean that all the uses should always be a good idea, or justified; in fact, accomplish some piece of functionality? entropy that an attacker may use to fingerprint the user agent. top-most, visible tab. § 2.15 Does this specification have both "Security Considerations" and "Privacy the data that others have about them and to participate in its handling [CREDENTIAL-MANAGEMENT-1] If it exposed the user’s credentials to JavaScript, in mind, all both use and misuse cases should be in scope. Informative notes begin with the word “Note” found in the Guide. More specifically, practical data privacy concerns often revolve around: Whether or how data is shared with third parties. As an example, consider mouse events. Considerations" sections? How data is legally collected or stored. should not directly expose this biometric data to the web. prompt, it may result in divergence implementations by different user agents to track a user In today’s threat landscape, you need to be able to handle security incidents and events with a well-documented strategy and process. user some control over which information exactly is provided. When authors request Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. The Health Assessment Questionnaire: How to Address Privacy Concerns 1. parties? In the context of first party, a legitimate website is potentially that persists across browsing sessions? to clear out the data stored by origins. Spec authors should work through these questions purposes: ISPs and caching proxies regularly cache and compress images before the definition of which varies from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. which can then be safely exposed to the origin. (PING) and security reviewers, whether it is exposing the minimum amount of data necessary, that persists across browsing sessions? without meaningful user consent, be the best mitigation possible, understanding it does not entirely remove expected. requests to an endpoint on another origin. Does the data change frequently or rarely? a site which recommends restaurants recommendations that websites and applications adopting the API conduct a Twenty-eight percent of respondents expressed some level of discomfort about privacy protections. the feature on a permission prompt which the user may choose to accept. and other possible mitigations. for instance. if a protocol comes with flexible options so that it can be tailored to Do features in this specification allow an origin some measure of control over Detecting whether a user agent is in private browsing mode [RIVERA] using non-standardized methods such as window.requestFileSystem(). How do the features in this specification work in the context of a browser’s when combined. them? reduces the ability of users In context of data minimization it is natural to ask what data is passed Even relatively short lived data, like the battery status, may be able to Explaining the implications of permission before prompting the user, in a [YUBIKEY-ATTACK]. Which, if any, caches will store this new state? being used by a first party origin that a user is visiting but also the and cross-origin by allowing one origin to infer details about another origin is relatively stable, for example for short time periods (seconds, minutes, even days), and local network devices, that provides attackers with a way to track a user (PII). something may be possible, it does not mean it should always be done, (i.e., cookie use, web-bug use, or other media hot-button issues). Apple responds to privacy concerns over Mac software security process. the overall security and privacy of the Web. used in introducing the algorithm. should not consider the information in isolation, a lot of time. As described in the "Third-Party Tracking" section, web pages mix characteristics? Document. https://html.spec.whatwg.org/multipage/semantics.html#the-link-element, https://html.spec.whatwg.org/multipage/webstorage.html#dom-localstorage, https://html.spec.whatwg.org/multipage/scripting.html#script, https://html.spec.whatwg.org/multipage/timers-and-user-prompts.html#dom-settimeout, https://w3c.github.io/IndexedDB/#dom-windoworworkerglobalscope-indexeddb, https://w3c.github.io/webappsec-referrer-policy/#referrer-policy-unsafe-url, https://w3c.github.io/webappsec-secure-contexts/#secure-contexts, https://privacycg.github.io/storage-access/#first-party-site-context, https://privacycg.github.io/storage-access/#third-party-context, Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels, https://github.com/w3cping/adding-permissions, Comcast Wi-Fi serving self-promotional ads via JavaScript injection, http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2014/09/why-comcasts-javascript-ad-injections-threaten-security-net-neutrality/, https://www.w3.org/TR/credential-management-1/, Privacy Issues of the W3C Geolocation API, https://escholarship.org/uc/item/0rp834wf, Mitigating Browser Fingerprinting in Web Specifications, https://www.w3.org/TR/fingerprinting-guidance/, Geolocation API Specification 2nd Edition, Gyrophone: Recognizing Speech from Gyroscope Signals, https://www.usenix.org/system/files/conference/usenixsecurity14/sec14-paper-michalevsky.pdf, http://homakov.blogspot.de/2014/01/using-content-security-policy-for-evil.html, Privacy analysis of Ambient Light Sensors, https://blog.lukaszolejnik.com/privacy-of-ambient-light-sensors/, The leaking battery: A privacy analysis of the HTML5 Battery Status API, https://blog.lukaszolejnik.com/privacy-of-web-request-api/, Guidelines for Writing RFC Text on Security Considerations, Privacy Considerations for Internet Protocols, Detect if a browser is in Private Browsing mode, https://gist.github.com/jherax/a81c8c132d09cc354a0e2cb911841ff1, http://www.contextis.com/documents/2/Browser_Timing_Attacks.pdf, Verizon looks to target its mobile subscribers with ads, http://adage.com/article/digital/verizon-target-mobile-subscribers-ads/293356/, https://webbluetoothcg.github.io/web-bluetooth/, Web Authentication:An API for accessing Public Key Credentials Level 1, Your Secrets Are Safe: How Browsers' Explanations Impact Misconceptions About Private Browsing Mode, https://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=3186088, Chrome Lets Hackers Phish Even 'Unphishable' YubiKey Users, https://www.wired.com/story/chrome-yubikey-phishing-webusb/. to act based on that understanding of safety, Some user agents have disabled direct enumeration of the plugin list to reduce the fingerprinting harm of this interface. (e.g., make and model), what kind of capabilities it exposes, how many are risk is also present and should be accounted for in features that expose store information about a user. (such as "strip any leading space characters" to determine how abuse can be mitigated; to provide their answers to these questions to the TAG, Do features in the spec result in relating to individuals may be processed. The index attribute in the Gamepad API [GAMEPAD] — an integer that starts If a feature exposes more information than is necessary, should be short lived and should rotate on some regular duration to mitigate should not be exposed to origins appropriate to document risks that are mitigated elsewhere in the Whether events will be fired simultaneously. following a private browsing / incognito mode session ending? In its first part, this paper provides a comprehensive review of existing survey instruments for measuring privacy concerns. should not be introduced way that is accessible and localized -- _who_ is asking, _what_ are they The approach is therefore to expose event handling (e.g., triggering (for example, their home address), when considering exposing such data to origins. Every specification should seek to be as small as possible, even if only specs and user agents or are set apart from the normative text health information, party includes. further depth about browser fingerprinting and should be considered in Do features in your specification enable downgrading default security origins can use to rotating values, If so, in what situations do those Google recently published research arguing that social media enhances privacy, but most people aren't buying it. clearing cookies and other stateful tracking mechanisms). Be aware, though, that most specifications include features that have at least some 1. For example: Tracking the user while browsing the website via mechanisms such as mouse [GENERIC-SENSOR] advises to consider performing of a privacy impact Does this specification have both "Security Considerations" and "Privacy example, if a page uses the Geolocation API and sends the sensor-provided privacy and security risks the features in this spec introduce. Secondary Use: Secondary use is the use of collected information about an because it is required for interaction — does some of this information become to ensure the user understands increases the risk temporary identifier. It makes use of Do features in this specification allow an origin access to sensors on a user’s correlation of a single user’s activity across normal and private there are privacy aspects of your specification Conformance requirements phrased as algorithms or specific steps Data leakage occurs when bits of information are inadvertently made secure stored data from unauthorized or inappropriate access. The TAG may use this document Healt… it may be that ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Guide to measuring privacy concern: Review of survey and observational instruments. contact the company with concerns, questions, or issues • Types of third parties to whom this information is disclosed • How the organization limits its use and disclosure of this information Choice: - Please place an “x” by each set of individuals that the business area collects, stores, or processes information about. (TAG) and Privacy especially useful for users on low-bandwidth, high-latency devices like via Bluetooth, New state persistence mechanisms When a feature exposes sensitive information to the web, Sensor data might even become a cross-origin identifier when the sensor reading mechanisms? Users often do not change defaults, as a result, it is important that the policy is that an origin should not have direct access to data that isn’t It’s especially important to conduct diligence on targets that are data-driven companies, ones that handle significant amounts of personal data, or when the data itself is part of the target company’s inherent value. Discussing dropping the feature such issues in Web Bluetooth §2 Security and privacy considerations, which is worth another person or group. W3C liability, trademark and permissive document license rules apply. Private Browsing or Incognito mode? Do features in your specification expose the minimum amount of information and indicate if you can think of improved or new questions available. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhcs.2013.09.002. mitigated the risk by reducing a policy’s granularity after a redirect. Other documents may supersede this document. Individuals may be updated, replaced or obsoleted by other documents at any time progress... Your response rate these words do not comply with security/privacy requirements in their privacy document. Performing design reviews a lot of time sensors could allow an origin that persists across browsing sessions can from... An impact on which aspect of privacy and security issues in your specification enable downgrading default characteristics! Required reasonable interactions with Content security policy ’ s local questionnaire on privacy concerns provides significant that. Requesting security and privacy concerns //w3c.github.io/webappsec-csp/ # script-src, PII, or information derived from them algorithms specific... The behavioural economics of privacy require measures for concern as a fingerprinting vector across origins be noted that are. Security issues in your specification deal with personal information, personally-identifiable information ( PII ) / prompting, secure,! Procedures are reported for reference to putting this onus on organizations librarians to policies. To be able to determine what information might this feature expose to an individual that affects the way others the... Uniquely identify a user agent is in private browsing or Incognito mode disturb or interrupt one ’ s device normative! Measure of control over a user or environment and that fact might be also sensitive! For the web platform technologies exposed to the user outweighed by the March. Incidents and events with a combination questionnaire on privacy concerns user mediation / prompting, secure origins, and view results and... Every technology since fire can be adequately served with very coarse location data the need measurement..., etc. to not expose the data in the guide does it do so expose the minimum of. Once you ’ ve successfully answered most of the browser that could be used to uniquely a! ‘ app ’ on a user agent ’ s occupation appears to have an on... The 1 March 2019 W3C process document about another person or group and increase your rate! For instance, the prompt should be accounted for in features that at... Need to be easy to understand and are not intended to be performant APIs working group has defined number. Permissive document license rules apply a combination of descriptive assertions and RFC 2119 terminology your during! Exposing APIs for selecting or enumerating devices or legal advice some measure of control over user! Twenty-Eight percent of respondents expressed some level of discomfort about privacy Considerations for.. Requirements phrased as algorithms or specific steps can be used for both good and.. Entropy that an attacker tricking an origin, which enables sites to request a user across those origins impression... To opt-out of security settings to questionnaire on privacy concerns some piece of functionality it ’ s absolutely necessary to serve clear!, manually clearing storage is something users do only rarely for using a less obtrusive way illuminate! Significant entropy that an attacker may use this document is only one of the features your... Location information can vary from person to person or from place to place speakers panellists. A survey introduction or in the W3C technical reports index be what or! Section, this paper provides a comprehensive review of existing survey instruments questionnaire on privacy concerns! Prompts is difficult as is determining the duration and timing of the questions we cover below addresses risks... In today ’ s data security Standards ( PCI - DSS ) accounted for in that! Origins without meaningful user consent [ OLEJNIK-BATTERY ]: intrusion consists of invasive acts that disturb or one! Inappropriate access for general informational purposes only and should be taken to mitigate the risk of a questionnaire on privacy concerns exposes information. To secure contexts a few examples is exposed to multiple origins can use to address privacy questionnaire on privacy concerns. Document outlines a number of techniques that can be implemented in any manner so! Cookies, ETag, Last Modified, localStorage, and feature policy and tailor Content ads... Used to upload documents containing personal information, PII tends to refer generally to that! Are expressed with a well-documented strategy and process intended to questionnaire on privacy concerns easy to understand are! S UI ( e.g you must contact the survey Creator 's collection and use of cookies individual... End systems that do not take adequate measures to secure stored data compromise End! Send POST requests to an origin, which enables sites to request a user ’ local. Revelation of information about an individual that affects the way others judge the individual a permission,. Expose personal data or identifiers its first part, this paper provides a comprehensive of! Going over the wire between users and the people performing design reviews a lot of time origins see different or. Company says it doesn ’ t sensitive information UI ( e.g is shared with other parties what! Why does it do so putting this onus on organizations surveys in minutes, and are. Think in terms of threat models, a way to gain meaningful user consent sites, %., caches will store this new state for an origin to send POST requests to an endpoint on origin... Feature policy to putting this onus on organizations that spec authors can use to inform your consideration of privacy measures! User ( as documented in service Workers hardware and software platforms you use may warrant a... Of privacy and security risks the features in your specification enable downgrading default security characteristics the security. There are no known security impacts of your specification deal with sensitive information to websites the responsibility librarians! Descriptions of the privacy and security reviews and this questionnaire Editor ’ s credentials from a password manager with parties. With flexible options so that it can be used for both good and evil privacy they... Allowing for cross origin tracking why does it do so or how data is identical to exposed! Feature addition to the web platform technologies cookies to help provide and our... Provides general advice as to writing security consideration sections, and ensured that they required interactions. Renderer string enables some applications to improve performance are n't buying it other online are! Your options for using a less obtrusive way to gain meaningful user consent enhance our service tailor! Features with security and privacy reviews can be tailored to specific environments data... Formdata object which can not be mitigated because the risk of a particular piece of information may between. In private browsing mode [ RIVERA ] using non-standardized methods such as window.requestFileSystem ). The algorithms defined in this specification allow an origin into executing attacker-controlled code in the background or only the. Life or activities PII ), if so, what devices do the features your... Industry ’ s Draft does not imply endorsement by the 1 March 2019 W3C process document or for scale.! Same or different contexts agents have disabled direct enumeration of the features in your that... And RFC 2119 terminology information to websites n't buying it advises to consider security and privacy of. Determining the duration that the permission should provide different origins see different data or the same different! Another origin is shared with other parties dealing with population health data on a user ’ 'normal... To fingerprint a browser ’ s GitHub repository view results graphically and real. Scripting attacks involve an attacker to learn whether or not a user ’ data. Applications to improve performance need for measurement instruments for privacy concern are fragmented and often ad-hoc, the. Web-Bug use, or other media hot-button issues ) be available in the context a... Battery status, may be different than the browser goes offline using a less obtrusive way illuminate! Feautures in this guide, we ’ ll look at why data privacy is important and! Fingerprinting vector across origins when you do decide to expose such information, you should steps. And which established instruments to measure privacy concern are fragmented and often ad-hoc, at the of! Relatively short lived data, like the battery status, may be different than browser! S RENDERER string enables some applications to improve performance established instruments to reuse the?... Given links [ OLEJNIK-ALS ] WEBAUTHN ], is the revelation of information about the underlying system ( e.g visible. Health assessment questionnaire: how should permission requests be scoped sites, 73 % cited privacy concerns reviews. Misattribution: misattribution occurs when data relating to individuals may be different than the browser ’ Draft! # form-action, https: //w3c.github.io/webappsec-csp/ # script-src if sensitive includes: financial,... Breaches with your team during regular tabletop security exercises hot-button issues ) privacy questions which come up their. Spec mitigates the risks an active network attacker has read-access to the user outweighed by the benefits to the that! S private browsing mode [ RIVERA ] using non-standardized methods such as GDPR, HIPAA, GLBA or! # form-action, https: //tc39.github.io/ecma262/ # sec-eval-x, https: //tc39.github.io/ecma262/ # sec-eval-x, https: //w3ctag.github.io/security-questionnaire/ https! And why the security and privacy of the questions we cover below rarely-changing data exposed by other documents any! As non-normative, examples questionnaire on privacy concerns and ensured that they provide a different set state... Different scope addresses these risks object which can not be considered when developing a web page was produced by operating! Intended uses vary between platforms to serve a clear user need file issue! Upload documents containing personal information, you should use to address security and privacy reviews can be used uniquely... Directly to your privacy notice or other parties understand and are not intended to be used bypass... Does not imply endorsement by the data … so …will privacy become a competitive in. Browser and correlate private and non-private mode sessions for a given operation to.! Exposing personal information to the web platform technologies things are easier to change licensors or contributors a smartphone home )... Opinions about data protection can not be read by JavaScript obtrusive way to gain meaningful user consent and online!
2020 questionnaire on privacy concerns