8,407,248. QuickFacts Durham County, North Carolina; North Carolina. In the early 1910s, the Federal Government forced a breakup of the Duke's business under the antitrust laws. 33.8k. King and Willie Nelson. Important arteries for traffic include NC 147, which connects Duke University, downtown, and Research Triangle Park, U.S. 15-501 between Durham and Chapel Hill, I-85, connecting Durham to Virginia and western North Carolina cities, and I-40 running across southern Durham County between the Research Triangle Park and Chapel Hill. Most travel in Durham is by private motor vehicle on its network of public streets and highways. The Poverty Rate of black residents in Durham, North Carolina is dramatically lower than the national average of 25.2%. 43 nationally. Durham's professional sports team is the Durham Bulls International League baseball team. [citation needed]. The city is home to Duke University and is a diverse city that is known for its cultural events, schools and institutions, sports, music and the arts. Durham is also a national leader in health-related activities, which are focused on the Duke University Hospital and many private companies. The center of Durham is on a ridge that forms the divide between the Neuse River watershed, flowing east to Pamlico Sound, and the Cape Fear River watershed, flowing south to the Atlantic near Wilmington. Duke campus buses and vans have alternate schedules or do not operate during breaks and holidays. [33][34], In 2014, it was announced that downtown Durham would be the site of a brand new 27 story high building, tentatively named "City Center Tower", titled "One City Center" as of 2018[update]. Durham: North Carolina: National: Population: 251,761: 10,488,084: 328,239,523: Population density (sq mi) 2,282: 218: 91: Median age: 33.3: 38.3: 37.7: Male/Female ratio: 0.9:1: 1.0:1: 1.0:1: Married (15yrs & older) 46%: 57%: 55%: Families w/ Kids under 18: 48%: 43%: 43%: Speak English: 80%: 89%: 79%: Speak Spanish: 13%: 7%: 13% Its county seat is Durham. The median age was 32.1 years. Map. It will be directly across from Durham's current tallest building, but once completed, will be the new tallest building in downtown Durham and the 4th largest building in the Triangle. Durham is located 10.41 miles northeast of Chapel Hill, North Carolina, 20.78 miles northwest of Raleigh, North Carolina, 50.21 miles east of Greensboro, North Carolina, 121.40 miles northeast of Charlotte, North Carolina, and 134.06 miles southwest of Richmond, Virginia. In 1957, Douglas E. Moore, minister of Durham's Asbury Temple Methodist Church, along with other religious and community leaders, pioneered sit-ins throughout North Carolina to protest discrimination at lunch counters that served only whites. North Carolina Central University is a historically black university that is part of the University of North Carolina system. In 1910, Dr. James E. Shepard founded North Carolina Central University, the nation's first publicly supported liberal arts college for African-Americans. Print. Durham has a rich history of African American rhythm and blues, soul, and funk music. Durham reached it's highest population of 287,865 in 2021. According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Durham was: 2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers. There are 211,232 adults, (31,154 of whom are seniors) in Durham. Population, 2000. At this time (1910–1920), the few towns and cities in North Carolina that had electricity depended on local "powerhouses". The Nasher Museum of Art opened in October 2005 and has produced nationally recognized traveling exhibitions of global, contemporary art. [37][38], In October 2014, a major new development, the Durham Innovation District, was announced. The state’s population grew by 738,000 between 2010 and 2017, and 43 percent of those people settled in nine cities, including Cary, Durham and Raleigh. [58] In 2018, Durham appointed its first Latino council member Javiera Caballero. The renovations added a contemporary art museum and upscale restaurant to the historic building. Durham North Carolina 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Count White 1 Hispanic 2 Black Asian Mixed 1 Other 1. The college changed its name to Duke University and built a large campus and hospital a mile west of Trinity College (the original site of Trinity College is now known as the Duke East Campus).[18]. Note: 2020 and 2021 data is projected 2021 Growth Rate Over 34,000 people are employed by Duke University and the Duke University Health System. American Tobacco's ubiquitous advertisements on radio shows beginning in the 1930s and television shows up to 1970 was the nation's image of Durham until Duke University supplanted it in the late 20th century. Galleries include but are not limited to local spots such as the Pleiades Gallery, the Carrack Modern Art, and Golden Belt Studios. Most recently, the population has grown over 15% between the 2010 census and estimates taken in 2016. If the officials threaten to arrest us for standing up for our rights, we must answer by saying that we are willing and prepared to fill up the jails of the South.". 321,488. Durham is a city located in North Carolina. The establishment of Durham County was ratified by the General Assembly 12 years later, in 1881. WNCU, which is supported in part by NPR, is a jazz focused FM radio station, with broadcast studios on the campus of NCCU. Today's Bulls play in the Durham Bulls Athletic Park, on the southern end of downtown, constructed in 1994. wind speeds 207-260 mph) tornado 12.0 miles away from the Durham city center killed 4 people and injured 154 people and caused between $50,000,000 and $500,000,000 in damages.. On 11/23/1992, a … Drawing a labor force from the economic demise of single family farms in the region at the time, these textile mills doubled the population of Durham. 198,376. Durham in its earliest years also became known its black community, with an area known as Hayti becoming home to some of the most successful black-owned businesses in the 20th century. The city is served, along with Raleigh, by Raleigh–Durham International Airport. Much of the early city architecture, both commercial and residential, dates from the period of 1890–1930. Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2019, (V2019) 10.0%. Black Wall Street was the hub of African-American businesses and financial services in Durham, North Carolina, during the late 1800s and early 1900s. It focuses on providing education in various forms of art ranging from visual to the performing arts.[53]. The fire department's water source failed during the blaze, prompting voters to establish a city-owned water system in place of the private systems that had served the city since 1887.[17]. Durham County North Carolina Population 2020 2019, Durham County North Carolina Population 2019, Durham County North Carolina Population 2020, Durham County North Carolina Demographics 2020 2019, Durham County North Carolina Statistics 2020 2019. In the 1960s and 1970s, more than 40 R&B, soul, and funk groups—including The Modulations, The Black Experience Band, The Communicators, and Duralcha—recorded over 30 singles and three full-length albums. Many famous people have performed there including B.B. The DAP has been preserved for the use of other teams as well as for concerts sponsored by the City of Durham and other events. Duke Power (now Duke Energy) brought in electricity from hydroelectric dams in the western mountains of North Carolina through the newly invented technology of high voltage power lines. While growth was slow before the war, the end of the Civil War brought about much more rapid population growth. Other major employers include IBM, Blue Cross & Blue Shield of NC, and the City of Durham, to name a few. Durham city, North Carolina. Cheap land and a steady supply of trained workers from the local universities made the Research Triangle Park an enormous success which, along with the expansion resulting from the clinical and scientific advances of Duke Medical Center and Duke University, more than made up for the decline of Durham's tobacco and textile industries. A new Amtrak station was built in 2011 in a former tobacco warehouse. Population, Census, April 1, 2010. Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2019) 270,001. DADA strives to support local artists working in a diversity of artistic media. [56] The seven-member City Council is the primary budgetary and lawmaking authority. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_Durham,_North_Carolina The average household income in Durham is $82,573 with a poverty rate of 15.88%. 4.5%. Many of the historic tobacco buildings elsewhere in the city have been converted into loft-style apartment complexes. There were 103,221 housing units at an average density of 1,087.7 per square mile (419.9/km2). The city of Durham has seen rapid population growth throughout its history. The population in Durham is 257,232. National bus service is provided by Greyhound and Megabus at the Durham Transit Station in downtown Durham, which opened in 2009. After the departure of the tobacco industry, large-scale renovations of the historic factories into offices, condominiums, and restaurants began to reshape downtown. The Durham Performing Arts Center now ranks in the top ten in theater ticket sales in the US according to Pollstar magazine. [9], A railway depot was established on land donated by Bartlett S. Durham in 1849, the namesake of the city. In 1924, James Buchanan Duke established a philanthropic foundation in honor of his father Washington Duke to support Trinity College in Durham. Its Rules Are in the Way", "Welcome to The City of Durham | Durham, NC", "Tobacco- Part 3: The Rise of "Big Tobacco" | NCpedia", "Overview of Durham History - Museum of Durham History", "NC Finally Recognizes Pre-Woolworth Sit-Ins In 1956", "Dedication of the 1957 Royal Ice Cream sit-in historical marker", "The downfall of Durham's historic Hayti: Propagated or preempted by urban renewal? Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2019) 9,535,751. Within a week, students from North Carolina College at Durham and Duke University staged a sit-in in Durham. Durham is home to the Nasher Museum of Art and smaller visual arts galleries and studios. The median age in Durham is 32.7, the US median age is 37.4.The number of people per household in Durham is 2.3, the US average of people per household is 2.6.. Family in Durham - 43.4% are married - 10.3% are divorced - 28.6% are married with children - 24.3% have children, … In 2018, Durham County, NC had a population of 317k people with a median age of 35.6 and a median household income of $58,073. The city is also considering furthering the progress on the Triangle Greenway System. North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics, North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company, first sit-in of the Civil Rights Movement in North Carolina, List of tallest buildings in Durham, North Carolina, 2008 United States presidential election in North Carolina#By county, Durham Committee on the Affairs of Black People, North Carolina's 4th congressional district, North Carolina School for Science and Mathematics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, List of television stations in North Carolina, Learn how and when to remove this template message, National Museum of African American History and Culture, "Population and Housing Unit Estimates Tables", "Durham was nicknamed the "Bull City" in the late 1800s when the Blackwell Tobacco Company named its product "Bull" Durham Tobacco", "Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas Totals: 2010-2019", "To Keep Up With Growth, Durham Needs to Add Two Thousand Housing Units a Year. The I-40 corridor has been the main site of commercial and residential development in Durham since its opening in the early 1990s. The development of Hillsborough Road, which served as a major route through the state, led to population growth. The university's research, medical, and teaching efforts are all among the highest-ranked in both the United States and the world.[70]. Much of this growth attributed to the establishment of a thriving tobacco industry. Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2019, (V2019) 19.1%. Prior to the American Revolution, frontiersmen in what is now Durham were involved in the Regulator movement. This road, eventually followed by US Route 70, was the major east–west route in North Carolina from colonial times until the construction of interstate highways. They may have established a village named Adshusheer on the site. Macmillan. Skanska Construction is responsible for managing this project. Durham is classified as a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) according to the Köppen classification, with hot and humid summers, cool winters, and warm to mild spring and autumn. On April 10, 2019, a gas explosion rocked Kaffeinate, a coffee shop in Bright Leaf Historic District. Several private schools operate in Durham,[65] such as Durham Academy, Carolina Friends School, and Duke School. These areas were known as East Durham and West Durham until they were eventually annexed by the City of Durham. The downtown corridor along West Main St. has seen significant redevelopment including bars, entertainment venues, art studios,[31] and co-working spaces,[32] in addition to shopping and dining in nearby Brightleaf Square, another former tobacco warehouse in the Bright Leaf Historic District. The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%. After the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia by Gen. Robert E. Lee at Appomattox, Virginia on April 9, 1865, Gen. Johnston sought surrender terms, which were negotiated on April 17, 18 and 26 at Bennett Place, the small farm of James and Nancy Bennett, located halfway between the army's lines about 3 miles (4.8 km) west of Durham Station. The city has a total area of 108.3 square miles (280.4 km2), of which 107.4 square miles (278.1 km2) is land and 0.93 square miles (2.4 km2), or 0.84%, is water.[41]. QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more. However, antitrust laws broke up what was a monopoly, allowing the family to retain American Tobacco. There were free African-Americans in the area as well, including several who fought in the Revolutionary War. The Special Transit Advisory Commission (STAC) retained many of the provisions of Triangle Transit's original plan, but recommended adding new bus services and raising additional revenues by adding a new local half-cent sales tax to fund the project.[76]. In 2019, the museum hosted several exhibits, including one on journalist and civil rights activist Louis Austin, and in conjunction with the 150th anniversary of the city of Durham, an exhibit titled, "150 Faces of Durham," which highlighted many of the women and men who influenced the history of Durham. The Durham-based Independent Weekly, noted for its progressive/liberal perspective, provides political and entertainment news for the greater Research Triangle; it began publication in 1983. In 2006, racial and community tensions stirred[63] following allegations of a sexual assault by three white members of the Duke University lacrosse team in what is now known as the 2006 Duke University lacrosse case. [64] Public schools in Durham were partially segregated until 1970. Durham is the c… 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The Eno and the Occoneechi were believed to have first lived in the area and it is thought that there was once a village named Adshusheer located where Durham currently stands. 321,488. Durham is located in the east-central part of the Piedmont region at 35°59′19″N 78°54′26″W / 35.98861°N 78.90722°W / 35.98861; -78.90722 (35.988644, −78.907167). Members of The Butchies, Superchunk, Chatham County Line, Alice Donut, and the Avett Brothers live in Durham. "[25] A new downtown baseball stadium was constructed for the Durham Bulls in 1994. This university – North Carolina Central University – wasn’t the only institution the city became known for. [26] While these efforts continue, the large majority of Durham's residential and retail growth since 1990 has been along the I-40 corridor in southern Durham County. 267,587. It was ranked the number 1 Public HBCU in the nation by U.S. News & World Report in 2010 and 2011. Set in North Carolina’s Piedmont region, Durham is best known as part of the North Carolina Research Triangle. The median age in Durham is 33.9 years, 32.6 years for males, and 34.9 years for females. The blast destroyed a city block and killed Kong Lee, the owner, as well as injuring 25 others. 80.39% of Durham residents speak only English, while 19.61% speak other languages. in Durham (North Carolina) Contents: City. [67][68], Duke University has approximately 14,000 students, split evenly between graduates and undergraduates. GoTriangle offers scheduled, fixed-route regional and commuter bus service between Raleigh and the region's other principal cities of Durham, Cary and Chapel Hill, as well as to and from the Raleigh-Durham International Airport, Research Triangle Park and several of the region's larger suburban communities. ABC owned and operated WTVD is licensed to and based in Durham, while the studios for statewide public television service UNC-TV are based in Research Triangle Park. Durham, NC is home to a population of 274k people, from which 90% are citizens. Durham. As both armies passed through Durham, Hillsborough, and surrounding Piedmont communities, they enjoyed the mild flavor of the area's Brightleaf Tobacco, which was considered more pleasant to smoke or chew than was available back home after the war. The Dukes went on to become involved in the generation of electric power, establishing Duke Power, which is now known as Duke Energy and provided electricity to residents in North Carolina before eventually expanded to other states. [54] The fans are known as the Cameron Crazies and are known nationwide for their chants and rowdiness. The population density was 2,406.0 people per square mile (928.9/km2). Several magnet high schools focus on distinct subject areas, such as the Durham School of the Arts and the City of Medicine Academy. Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants. Males had a median income of $35,202 versus $30,359 for females. Duke University's men's basketball team draws a large following, selling out every home game at Cameron Indoor Stadium in 2009. Durham was incorporated as a city in 1869. The committee also has used its voting strength to pursue social and economic rights for African-Americans and other ethnic groups. There were proposals to extend this corridor 7 miles (11 km) to Chapel Hill with light rail technology. More recently, the Durham City Council's 2018 statement opposing militarized policing that mentioned Israel has drawn its third lawsuit. GoTriangle also coordinates an extensive vanpool and rideshare program that serves the region's larger employers and commute destinations. For every 100 females there are 88.9 males. When they refused to budge, the manager called the police who charged them with trespassing. Steady population growth and an intersection with the road connecting Roxboro and Fayetteville made the area near this site suitable for a US Post Office. Combined with large-scale demolition using Urban Renewal funds, Durham suffered significant losses to its historic architectural base. 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