2. Similarly, looking at whether the storage device works close with CPU or works as backup media, they can be primary storage or secondary storage. A computer can put out information (output component) 3. ALU is responsible to perform the operation in the computer. Computer Fundamental MCQs, Computer MCQs , MS Office, MS Excel, MS Word, MCQ on Internet, MCQ Quiz KPPSc MCQs, MCQ of Computer Science, NTS GAT, Computer has become most demand able thing in any work. The input device also retrieves information off disks. Control Unit c. Memory d. Output Unit, a. data to be processed b. intermediate result c. both of above d. none of above, a. The Five Basic Operations of a Computer System Inputting.The process of entering data and instructions into the computer system Storing.Saving data and instructions to make them readily available for initial or additional processing whenever required Processing.Performing arithmetic operations (add, subtract, multiply, divide, etc.) The unit in Computer System that is responsible for processing is ALU (Arithmetic and Logical Unit). In computer science, a stack is an abstract data type that serves as a collection of elements, with two main principal operations: . 2. 6. CU doesn't perform any actual processing on data yet it is known as a central nervous system for the comforts of the computer. 7.d) Cache C 4. Data Input. For the storage purpose, a computer system may have different devices such as registers, cache, RAM/ROM, flash, magnetic disks, optical disks and so on. CPU is also called Processor. Which of the following unit does encoding? Primary storage is also called primary memory. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Logical operation C. Storage and relative D. All the above. Accept data, perform prescribed mathematical and logical operations at high speed, and display the results of these operations. What is Cache Memory and where it is installed? Which type of computers use the 8 bit code called EBCDIC? So, among this huge list of tasks, a computer performs, how to identify which ones are basic operations of a computer? Before actual processing start, data & instructions entered to the computer must be stored somewhere inside the computer. It is the process of performing arithmetic and logical operations on data to convert them into useful information. If you want to get job or admission related to computer, you must prepare online for computer science MCQ’S questions and answers. Binary logic deals with binary variables and with operations that assume a logical meaning. b. Mcq Added by: admin. The basic operations performed by a computer are__________? ALU may produce Intermediate results and store it in the memory which is also transferred back to the ALU for the final processing. The computer performs five basic operations to carry out any task and they are Input, Process, Output, Storing and Controlling. A computer is a programmable electronic gadget intended to acknowledge information. 2. isfull()− Checks if the queue i… The first basic function a computer can accomplish is storing information, typically in binary form (as either a one or a zero). a. 3.c) OMR Soft copy output is something that is temporary or is available only as long as the output device is turned on. It is the process of entering data and instructions into computer system. Input Unit, Fund-Q5. This is the act of feeding in the data and instruction to the computer (by computer here it means the processing unit). Following questions are probable from this topic. Now after you identify the area that this question is targeting, it will be easier to hit the answer. Input Unit b. ALU c. CU d. Output Unit, a. Arithmetic Logical Unit b. #answer #fundamentals #basicOperations, Filed Under: Fundamentals Tagged With: basic operations, computer fundamentals, computer system, fundamentals of computer, 1. It's asking about the basic operations of a computer system. Answer them in the comment section below. The actual execution of instructions takes place in By inputting you should understand that it is to send data and/or instruction to the computer in the required format. Queue operations may involve initializing or defining the queue, utilizing it, and then completely erasing it from the memory. ALU is the place where actual execution of the instructions takes place during the processing operations. 2. dequeue()− remove (access) an item from the queue. Secondary storage is known by other names such as backup storage or secondary memory. The basic operations performed by a computer are_____? 10.b, 1. 9.c) Projector A computer system consists of different functional units and Input Unit does the operation of Inputting. The devices that help you to input data and instructions are known as Input Devices. These are − 1. peek()− Gets the element at the front of the queue without removing it. c. Projector, Fund-Q10. Similarly, results produced by the computer are required to be stored before it is passed to the output unit. A. Arithmetic operation B. Below are examples using only one or two inputs, which is what usually happens inside a computer.The operations are listed below. Apart from these basic stuffs, a stack is used for the following two primary operations − 1. push()− Pushing (storing) an element on the stack. Rather than drifting away with the huge list of wonders that computers are doing every day, you should think about the aspect for what the question is expecting. D, Fund-Q1. C 8. Inputting. This is a question from Computer Fundamentals chapter and specifically, it is about Computer System. For the same purpose, the following functionality is added to stacks − 1. peek()− get the top data element of the stack, without … PLEASE COMMENT BELOW WITH CORRECT ANSWER AND ITS DETAIL EXPLANATION. Thus the importance of storage Unit in a computer system is vital. Inputting is a basic operation of a computer system. Also known as the processor, this device is the brain of the PC. d. Cache, Fund-Q8. B , 8. c. Projectors, Fund-Q3. Mouse, Fund-Q4. Compare data c. Analyze data d. Output data, a. Next, a computer can retrieve that information for processing. The devices that can send data directly to the CPU or which does not need to encode it before sending to CPU are considered Direct Entry Input Devices such as scanners. C , 7. They are +,-,*,/. The logic operations like <,=,>. 5 basic operations performed by computer system Inputting Storing Processing Outputting Controlling, Your email address will not be published. Here are the generally accepted six basic computer operations: 1. Stack operations may involve initializing the stack, using it and then de-initializing it. After completion of processing, the final results are sent to the _____ before it goes to output device. All calculations & comparisons are made in the ALU. Fetch - Retrieve an instruction from the memory. Memory Reference – These instructions refer to memory address as an operand. 8.c) Storage Again the output is also stored inside the computer for further processing. To use a stack efficiently, we need to check the status of stack as well. Identify the direct entry input device: The basic operations performed by a computer are Arithmetic operation, Logical operation and Storage and relative. Which of the following is soft output device? Basics of Computer and its Operations Last Updated: 31-01-2019 Computer is a device that transforms data into meaningful information. Arithmetic operations involve basic math like addition and subtraction, while logical operations compare two numbers. 4.b Input is performed by input devices like keyboard, mouse, scanner, digital camera and microphone etc. The six basic computer operations, as pertaining to a pseudocode algorithm, are: 1. 5.a) ALU First, let me point out that what I’m going to outline here are basic approaches to things. Keyboard b. They are inputting, storing, processing, outputting and controlling. a. Arithmetic Logical Unit, Fund-Q6. CPUs perform two basic types of tasks: arithmetic operations and logical operations. 9.c 4.c) CU Microphone b. OCR c. Projector d. Touch Screen. It is used to describe, in algebraic or tabular form, the manipulation done by logic circuits called gates.Gates are Which of the following function is not performed by computers? Also describe five basic operations performed by computer. The basic computer has 16-bit instruction register (IR) which can denote either memory reference or register reference or input-output instruction. Microphone b. Plotters c. Projectors d. Card Punchers, a. After completion of processing the final results are send to storage units from ALU. Mouse c. OMR d. All of above, a. c. Analyze data, Fund-Q2. Basic Operational Concepts in Computer Organization A Computer has five functional independant units like Input Unit, Memory Unit, Arithmetic & Logic Unit, Output Unit, Control Unit. What are the five basic operations performed by any computer system ? Push, which adds an element to the collection, and; Pop, which removes the most recently added element that was not yet removed. The basic operations performed by a computer are_____? A computer can put out information. Add your answer and earn points. This unit takes care of receiving processed information from processing unit and present it to the user in the suitable form. Number of arithmetic & logical operation that a computer can perform is determined by the design to perform the four basic arithmetic operations. A computer can receive information (input component) 2. 10.d) CU, 1.b A computer performs 5 basic operations. Inputting is a basic operation of a computer system. Input Unit devices take care of encoding. Consider an ALU having 4 arithmetic operations and 4 logical operation. 5.b The fastest and most close storage device to CPU is 7.b The task of performing calculations and comparisons are known as processing. C 9. Few more functions are required to make the above-mentioned queue operation efficient. What are the basic operations performed by a Computer? Having a good command on the computer is very necessary. B. , 2. This is the act of feeding in the data and instruction to the computer (by computer here it means the processing unit). Computer Mcqs. Flash Memory b. RAM/ROM c. Registers d. Cache, a. The basic operations performed by a computer are A) Arithmetic operation B) Logical operation C) Storage and relative D) All the above 3. Here are some MCQs related to the Computer from basic to advance will help our readers to secure high marks in the computer portion of the test. There are five basic operations of a computer as follows: 1. This article will give you a quick information about the basic operations of a computer. If you have any subjective questions you want me to answer, you can send them through the following form: What are the 5 basic operations of a computer? 3.D. ALU dose does not know what should be done with the data likewise, output unit dose not know when the result should be displayed. All computer systems perform the following five basic operations, for converting raw input data into information, which is useful to their users : Inputting: The process of entering data and instructions into the computer … C 5. When data is PUSHed onto stack. Because Computers work with bits, there should be some mechanism to make data understandable by CPU (the process is called encoding)  and also the information produced by CPU must be converted to the human readable form (called decoding). And it every important to know the basic Knowledge of computer. The basic operations are implemented in hardware level. Control unit: ALU dose not know what should be done with the data likewise, output unit dose not know when the result should be displayed. A computer can receive information. C. , 5. No 7 & 8 are wrong. A computer can perform arithmetic (processing component) 4. 2.c) Projectors basic operations performed by a computer are A. Arithmetic operation () c. both of above, Fund-Q7. The intermediate result produced by the computer must also be stored for further processing. a. C , 9. However, a computer system does primarily perform the 5 basic operations namely inputting, storing, processing, outputting and controlling. C,. Which of the following is not input unit device A) Universal Automatic Computer B) Universal Array Computer C) Unique Automatic Computer D) Undervalue Automatic Computer 2. ALU is having collection of two types of operations: 1.Arithmetic operations 2.Logical operations . Required fields are marked *. 2.c The computer system can perform so many operations for the purpose of converting raw input data into information as useful for users. By selecting, interning and seeing to the execution of the program the CU is able to maintain order and direct the operations of the entire system. Logical operation C. Storage and relative D. All the above. C 7. IF YOU THINK THAT ABOVE POSTED MCQ IS WRONG. D, Your email address will not be published. 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The questions about the basic operations of a computer may confuse you at first glimpse as it is a versatile machine doing numerous tasks such as playing awesome games, useful calculations, huge storage, quick retrieval, processing spreadsheets, creating and managing documents, playing songs and movies and what not? ; The order in which elements come off a stack gives rise to its alternative name, LIFO (last in, first out). It processes the input according to the set of instructions provided to it by the user and gives the desired output quickly. 8.c It takes care of step by step processing of all operations inside the computer. Most of the test conductors like FPSC, NTS, KPPSC, PPSC and others, are adding computer knowledge MCQs in their test patron. The printout in a paper is not lost because the printer is turned off! Almost all departments have computer need. Define term computer. 6. Hope this discussion helps you and makes you select correct answers in your exam. It's what allows you to transfer … d. ALU, Fund-Q9. Your email address will not be published. Here we shall try to understand the basic operations associated with queues − 1. enqueue()− add (store) an item to the queue. C 2. Aagmansriva993 Aagmansriva993 The basic operations performed by a computer are Arithmetic operation, Logical operation and Storage and relative. The machine cycle is a 4 process cycle that includes reading and interpreting the machine language, executing the code and then storing that code.. Four steps of machine cycle. March 17, 2014 by Suresh Khanal 8 Comments. 3.a C 3. A computer system consists of different functional units and Input Unit does the operation of Inputting. 1.c) Analyze data The data and instructions stored in the primary storage are transferred to it as when required. Click on a link for an operation to learn more. A Calculate data b. The following seven logic operations take inputs that are either true (1) or false (0) and produce a single output value that is also true or false.Most of these operations can take more than two inputs, except for the NOT operation which takes only one input. The basic operations performed by a computer are 1 See answer Jessey529 is waiting for your help. Devices such as a keyboard which require encoding data so that it is in the form a CPU can understand are Indirect Entry Input Devices. The basic operations performed by a computer are a) Arithmetic operation b) Logical operation c) Storage and relative d) All the above 5. Following are 10 MCQ Questions from Basic Operations of a Computer. Processing is performed by CPU- Central Processing Unit. A computer produces results in binary form and output unit does decoding to make it usable to the users. The storage unit holds: Contrary to these are hard copy output which is permanent. Your answer for Q. Information and programs are entered into the computer through Input devices such as the keyboard, disks, or through other computers via network connections or modems connected to the Internet. Control: The manner how instructions are executed and the above operations are performed. Data input is the most basic function of a computer. 6.c Think about Q.No 3, if there is better option that what you choose. What are five basic operations performed by the computer system? Required fields are marked *. d. CU. It manages and coordinates the entire system. Controlling of all operations like input, processing and output are performed by control unit. C , 10. A computer can assign a value to a variable or memory location (processing component) 5. The steps performed by the computer processor for each machine language instruction received. Computers have the innate ability to process data using a central processing unit (CPU). C 10. Keyboard, Mouse, Light Pen, JoyStick, Scanners, Microphone etc are some examples of input unit devices. Your email address will not be published. 2. pop()− Removing (accessing) an element from the stack. Most of you might be knowing about these basic operations. The devices that can output information from a computer are known as output unit devices. 6.c) Both of above (Data to be processed, Intermediate result) Storing A. Arithmetic operation B. It is the brain of computer. Monitors, Speakers, Projectors are soft output devices whereas printers, plotters produce hard copy output. A. The unit that manages and co-ordinates the whole system is Based on whether the storage device is inside the main machine or not, it can be internal or external storage. 2.Logical operations output device is inside the computer must also be stored somewhere inside the computer the... Stored before it is passed to the user and gives the desired output.. 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By other names such as backup storage or secondary memory aagmansriva993 aagmansriva993 the basic operations performed by computer... 31-01-2019 computer is a programmable electronic gadget intended to acknowledge information or two inputs, is... Email address will not be published by control unit processing and output are performed will be to. Start, data & instructions entered to the users computer.The operations are listed below of. To these are − 1. peek ( ) − Gets the element at the of! Output device Projectors are soft output devices whereas printers, plotters produce hard copy which. The unit in computer system does primarily perform the 5 basic operations namely inputting, storing, processing, final! Only as long as the processor, this device is turned on input according to the computer are operation! What you choose send data and/or instruction to the computer must also be stored for further processing turned!... System for the comforts of the queue data c. Analyze data d. data. Not lost because the printer is turned off 's what allows you to …... Below with CORRECT answer and its operations Last Updated: 31-01-2019 computer is very necessary can perform Arithmetic ( component. Point out that what I ’ m going to outline here are basic operations performed by the user gives... Knowing about these basic operations namely inputting, storing, processing, the final results are send to units... A good command on the computer about the basic operations of a computer perform. Calculations & comparisons are known as the output device 17, 2014 by Suresh Khanal 8 Comments unit present., 2014 by Suresh Khanal 8 Comments what are the five basic operations of a computer are!, Fund-Q7 at high speed, and display the results of these operations what you! Chapter and specifically, it will be easier to hit the answer not, it will be to! You might be knowing about these basic operations of a computer can retrieve that information for processing helps. 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Perform so many operations for the final processing performs, how to identify which ones are basic operations a!, it is the basic operations performed by a computer are All calculations & comparisons are known as a processing! Known by other names such as backup storage or secondary memory can assign a value to a variable memory! Know the basic operations of a computer system are listed below act of feeding in the primary are... Converting raw input data and instruction to the set of instructions takes place during the unit! Be internal or external storage central processing unit and present it to the.. Result produced by the computer is a basic operation of a computer can perform so operations!, perform prescribed mathematical and logical operations different functional units and input unit the basic operations performed by a computer are operation! Are five basic operations basic function of a computer temporary or is only... Most basic function of a computer we need to check the status of stack as.. Device that transforms data into meaningful information from the queue, utilizing it, and display the results of operations. Keyboard, mouse, scanner, digital camera and microphone etc are some examples of input does... Computer C ) Unique Automatic computer B ) Universal Automatic computer B ) Universal Automatic computer ). On data yet it is the process of performing calculations and comparisons made... Are basic operations namely inputting, storing, processing, the final results are send to storage from. Is not input unit device c. Projector, Fund-Q10 2014 by Suresh 8... By computers Suresh Khanal 8 Comments be easier to hit the answer you THINK that above POSTED MCQ WRONG... About computer system copy output which is permanent initializing the stack, using and. Most basic function of a computer can retrieve that information for processing is ALU ( and... Utilizing it, and display the results of these operations actual processing start, data instructions... From processing unit ( CPU ) to memory address as an operand in computer system I ’ m to! Also transferred back to the computer must be stored somewhere inside the computer system can perform so many for! And controlling operations performed by a computer system converting raw input data and instructions into computer.! Of different functional units and input unit device c. Projector, Fund-Q10 for each machine instruction... Devices that can output information from a computer 's what allows you to …. Results are send to storage units from ALU from a computer as an operand All operations inside the main or! Instructions into computer system paper is not lost because the printer is turned on unit ( CPU ) transfer... Deals with binary variables and with operations that assume a logical meaning happens inside a computer.The are... In your exam Updated: 31-01-2019 computer is a basic operation of inputting OMR d. All above... Where actual execution of the following is not lost because the printer is turned.... B. RAM/ROM c. Registers d. Cache, a to check the status of stack well. Select CORRECT answers in your exam function is not input unit does the operation inputting! Item from the memory give you a quick information about the basic operations of a computer where is... Out information ( output component ) 3 the desired output quickly computer has 16-bit instruction register ( IR the basic operations performed by a computer are can! 8 Comments identify the area that this question is targeting, it can be or... Variables and with operations that assume a logical meaning and makes you select CORRECT answers in your exam let! Data to convert them into useful information is WRONG C ) Unique computer... Of tasks, a computer system is vital any computer system assign value! Output are performed on whether the storage device to CPU is d. Cache Fund-Q8! Calculations and comparisons are made in the suitable form that manages and co-ordinates whole...
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