Lansford Hastings was one of these riddles, and the lesser-known aspects of his life are arguably more fascinating, impactful, and even sinister. Bring your club to Amazon Book Clubs, start a new book club and invite your friends to join, or find a club that’s right for you for free. He described California in glowing terms and gave practical advice to overland travelers. In the mid-nineteenth century, reports of its beautiful open lands and precious metals captivated would-be settlers seeking prosperity and renewal. They could have done better and it was not Hastings fault. Free US Delivery. Hastings was a lawyer who had a tendency towards self-aggrandizement and the shrewd ability to portray the Mexicans and Indians in a most unflattering light in order to legitimize Anglo-Saxon claims to the … The Oregon territory, then disputed by Britain and the United States, was popularized by the famed Oregon Trail and considered to be a more stable alternative to Mexican rule in California. A popular guidebook during the western expansion and a valuable collectible today, The Emigrantsí Guide was first published in 1845. Top subscription boxes – right to your door, © 1996-2020, Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. Hastings attempted a second voyage in 1870, but died of a fever at sea. They could have done better and it was not Hastings fault, Reviewed in the United States on December 16, 2014. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. ** TABLE OF CONTENTS **. Later in his life, Hastings became one of American history’s strangest enigmas: the non-Southern Confederate. Emigrant's Guide to Oregon and California Perfect Lansford W. Hastings. The vitriol has continued into the present day: Frank McLynn, author of Wagons West: The Epic Story of America’s Overland Trails (2002), calls Hastings an “irresponsible liar and fantasist.”  He has also been dubbed “the Baron Munchausen of travelers” and “the Sam Houston of California.” The latter charge originates from a single hearsay account that Hastings met with Sam Houston in Texas for advice on how to establish California as an independent republic under his own rule. Reviewed in the United States on June 4, 2019, Reviewed in the United States on February 10, 2018, Reviewed in the United States on January 2, 2016. Jacob Donner (who died in the ordeal) was said to have kept a marked-up copy in his saddlebag, though the item was never recovered by rescuers. (CH. Lansford Hastings organized a group of emigrants to move to Mexican California in 1842. Sales of Hastings book were surprisingly good. Under his leadership, the Harlen-Young party painstakingly trail-blazed a real “Hastings Cutoff” and pushed into California. In 1845, Hastings published one of the earliest overland guide books, The Emigrants’ Guide to Oregon and California. He died in 1870 while en route with a second group. It was not uncommon for California and Oregon emigrants to carry Hastings’ guidebook among their belongings. From 1846 to 1854, the non-native population swelled from 8,000 to 300,000. Paperback – Download: Adobe Reader, October 1, 1994. That spring, after learning that military officer John C. Frémont had actually explored a viable Salt Lake cutoff, Hastings resolved to personally guide wagons from Fort Bridger through this alternate route. table of contents (with links to the chapters). Contrary to popular belief, he did not promote the cutoff that bears his name in his book. The explorer chose Santarém, Para, near the Amazon River, as his personal domain for the new “Confederados.” He then returned to the United States to publish a new book: The Emigrants Guide to Brazil. Lansford W. Hastings' The Emigrants' Guide to Oregon and California. Bringing up the rear of the 1846 wagon train was a small group headed by the families Donner and Reed. Change ). His role in directing significant pre-Gold Rush settlement to California marked a turning point in Western migration, and his maligned cutoff was eventually used again by early Mormon pioneers, permanently swaying the social demographics of the region. Because of a series of delays after setting out from Fort Bridger, Wyoming in late July, the pioneers became trapped by winter snowfall in the high Sierra Nevada mountains. Hastings wrote The Emigrants' Guide to Oregon and California to induce Americans to move to California, hoping they could effect a bloodless revolution by sheer numbers. To get the free app, enter your mobile phone number. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. He had started off a week earlier at the head of another group of wagons, leaving word for the Donner Party to follow along. The Resource The emigrants' guide to Oregon and California, by Lansford W. Hastings ; reproduced in facsimile from the original edition of 1845, with historical note and bibliography by Charles Henry Carey The emigrants' guide to Oregon and California, by Lansford W. Hastings ; reproduced in facsimile from the original edition of Roy Tea's Hastings Cutoff Page Hastings Cutoff Trail Guides by Roy D. Tea Lansford Hastings on the Hastings Family genealogy page at the Wayback Machine (archived October 28, 2009) The Emigrants' Guide to Oregon and California from American Studies at the University of Virginia. This so-called “Hastings Cutoff” directed emigrants to leave the main California Trail at Fort Bridger and travel southwest around the Great Salt Lake, saving 400 miles of journey. Prior to 1846, Oregon, not California, was the apple of the pioneer’s eye. Emigrants Guide to Oregon & California Paperback – Download: Adobe Reader, October 1, 1994 by Lansford Hastings (Author) 4.8 out of 5 stars 7 ratings Very important historical document. He described California in glowing terms and gave practical advice to overland travelers. After viewing product detail pages, look here to find an easy way to navigate back to pages you are interested in. Free shipping . ( Log Out /  [Last updated: March 25, 1998] CHAPTER I. He described California in glowing terms and gave practical advice to overland travelers. It is said that surviving members of the Donner Party cursed Hastings’ name when they emerged traumatized from the mountains the following spring, despite the fact that several others (including famed mountain man Jim Bridger) had also encouraged the party to take the shortcut. This appeal to immigrants of the state was published three years before John L. Sullivan coined the term "manifest destiny" and five years before the war with Mexico that led to annexation. Hastings abandoned his old life and career for Western adventure just as earnest debate over the relative merit of the two regions was beginning. In his book he wrote: "The most direct path would be leave the Oregon route, about two hundred miles east of Fort Hall; thence bearing west-south west, to the Salt Lake; and thence continuing down to the bay of San Francisco." As a corrective, Randolph Marcy published a more accurate guide, The Prairie Traveler (also available from Applewood Books). Hastin… introduction by john v. adams, * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * picture of hastings. 137–138). Hastings wrote The Emigrants' Guide to Oregon and California to induce Americans to move to California, hoping they could effect a bloodless revolution by sheer numbers. Critics of Hastings continue to misplace their attentions on the Donner Party incident when rendering judgment on his character. Details about Emigrants' Guide to Oregon and California in 1844 Lansford W. Hastings. Hastings’ plan for Brazilian migration directly mirrored the one for California two decades earlier, down to the identical titles for his guidebooks. It also analyzes reviews to verify trustworthiness. Don't see that it was warranted. This is the Hastings that the Donner fiasco was blamed on. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. PUBLICATIONS. The war ended just a year later, but Hastings surprisingly stuck to the “Lost Cause” for which he had no natural or coherent attachment. Reed had recently read the book The Emigrants’ Guide to Oregon and California, by Landsford W. Hastings, who advertised a new shortcut across the Great Basin. $10.06. Your recently viewed items and featured recommendations, Select the department you want to search in. Hastings ultimately “chose” California as the place he recommended personally to travelers beginning their journeys on the Missouri frontier. There was an error retrieving your Wish Lists. (Hastings, pp. It contains observations and descriptions from various emigrants, as well as navigable routes and information regarding necessary supplies. Once in a while, a character surfaces in history who almost needs to be seen to be believed. In 1866, with the permission of Emperor Dom Pedro II, Hastings recruited disgruntled Southerners to migrate to Brazil and set up new communities. ( Log Out /  The young newcomer led overland expeditions into both Oregon (1842) and California (1843), reinventing himself as a trusted authority on western migration. [last updated: may 6, 1998]. In order to navigate out of this carousel please use your heading shortcut key to navigate to the next or previous heading. There's a problem loading this menu right now. Prime members enjoy FREE Delivery and exclusive access to music, movies, TV shows, original audio series, and Kindle books. As in California, Hastings’ followers lingered at their new land. You're listening to a sample of the Audible audio edition. Western history’s obsession with the Donner Party has distracted almost everyone from the actual consequences of Lansford Hastings’ existence. Contrary to popular belief, he did not promote the cutoff that bears his name in his book. The 1845 Pioneers’ Guide for the Westward Traveler: The Emigrants’ Guide To Oregon And California Written by Lansford Hastings in 1845 Review written by Mike Walker "The design of these pages is not to treat in extenso of Oregon and California, but merely to give a succinct, and at the same time, practical description of those countries; The claim of the guidebook’s influence is based on weak evidence. Title page, The Emigrants' Guide to Oregon and California, written by Lansford Hastings, and published in 1845 Hastings wrote The Emigrants' Guide to Oregon and California to induce Americans to move to California, hoping they could effect a bloodless revolution by sheer numbers. The Emigrants' Guide: To Oregon and California in 1844 by Lansford W. Hastings. Please try again. Under Hastings and others like him, 20,000 ex-Confederates sailed to various settlements in the South American rainforest to start anew. Only one sentence in the text references a Salt Lake shortcut, and represents only the author’s speculation, not his personal experience: “The most direct route, for the California emigrants, would be to leave the Oregon route, about two hundred miles east from Fort Hall; thence bearing west southwest, to the Salt Lake; and thence continuing down to the Bay of San Francisco.” Vague references to a “route via Salt Lake” were common in American travel literature during the time. While the book introduced those heading west to the beauty and habitable nature of the Pacific coast, it had considerable shortcomings - it was the guide used by the ill-fated Donner Party. In 1970, historian Thomas F. Andrews proved that it was extremely unlikely Hastings and Houston conspired together, but the rumor persists in current accounts. The Donners, however, arrived a week too late to travel with Hastings. Unable to add item to List. After 1848, gold mania was the largest contributor to the boom, but in earlier years, the catalyst was a single individual: young Ohio-born lawyer Lansford W. Hastings. CHAPTER III. Thank you. From 1846 to 1854, the non-native population swelled from 8,000 to 300,000. Buy The Emigrants' Guide to Oregon and California by Hastings, Lansford W online on Amazon.ae at best prices. Later he published The Emigrants' Guide to Oregon and California, one of the most important guidebooks of the region. Back in Ohio, Hastings wrote his Emigrants Guide, but he was unable to get it published. He merely described it in a single sentence as a possible route: "The most direct path would be leave the Oregon route, about two hundred miles east of Fort Hall; thenc… In 1864, Hastings, born a “Northern Yankee” and friend of some of the West’s staunchest Unionists, traveled to Richmond, Virginia to meet with Confederate president Jefferson Davis. Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer - no Kindle device required. His efforts paid off when the book was released in Cincinnati in early 1845. the emigrants' guide cover page.. preface. Lansford wrote "The Emigrants' Guide to Oregon and California" published in Cincinnati in 1845-- the guidebook used by the disasterous Donner Party Expedition in 1846. Hastings left California in 1843 and arrived in New Orleans in … 1) Scenes and Incidents of a Party of Oregon Emigrants. This judgment, even if near the mark, cannot be made without an examination of the fuller picture. California was the “Promised Land” in the mythos of the American West. The emigrants' guide to Oregon and California by Hastings, Lansford Warren, 1819-approximately 1870; Littell, Clarence Guy, 1882-Publication date 1845 Topics Overland journeys to the Pacific Publisher Cincinnati : G. Conclin Collection newberry Contributor This new route enticed travelers by advertising that it would save the pioneers 350-400 miles on easy terrain. This shopping feature will continue to load items when the Enter key is pressed. CHAPTER II. All have assimilated completely into Brazilian culture except for one thing: an affection for the Confederate battle flag. Former Library book. The Narrative Press. 3) A Description of Oregon. Storytellers continue to assert that the Donners fell behind because they took a disastrous shortcut “promoted” by the book. Thousands of descendants there and at other “Confederado” settlements remain today. The Donner-Reed party was very rude to each other and their animals and no clue how to pack. When they arrived, they found Hastings wasn’t there. the emigrants' guide to to oregon and california by lansford w. hastings. Informative and interesting for anyone who wants to learn about the pioneer experience. In the mid-nineteenth century, reports of its beautiful open lands and precious metals captivated would-be settlers seeking prosperity and renewal. Lansford Hastings was born in Knox County, Ohio, in about 1818. Lansford Hastings’s supposed role in this tragedy villainized him to the point where even persuasive attempts at rehabilitating his character have been ignored by recent historians. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. 2) Scenes and Incidents of a Party of Oregon Emigrants. The Emigrants’ Guide to Lansford Hastings California was the “Promised Land” in the mythos of the American West. (CH. At Santarém, and more famously, a town called Americana, bars and homes proudly display it. He published The Emigrant’s Guide to Brazil in 1867, and was able to guide one shipload of people to their new homes in South America. The Emigrants’ Guide to Oregon and California (1846) The Emigrants’ Guide to Brazil (1867) References: According to one Western historian, Hastings and his guidebook “had focused attention upon California as no one had before.” The result was the “overland exodus of 1846,” the first mass migration since 1841 to focus exclusively on California. The Emigrants' guide to Oregon and California containing scenes and incidents of a party of Oregon emigrants, a description of Oregon, scenes and incidents of a party of California emigrants, and a description of California : with a description of the different routes to those countries : and all necessary information relative to the equipment, supplies, and the method of traveling Applewood Books; Fascimile Edition Used (October 1, 1994), Reviewed in the United States on March 5, 2018. Shows some signs of … The Emigrant's Guide was a critical part of this process. He decided to raise money to print the book by giving a series of presentations on the benefits of western emigration. Descendants of Thomas Hastings website ), The California Trail: An Epic with Many Heroes, The Prairie Traveler, a Handbook for Overland Expeditions, Overland in 1846, Volume 2: Diaries and Letters of the California-Oregon Trail. Please try again. The War Department never granted funds for the plot, but Hastings was commissioned as a major in the Confederate army as consolation. Hastings wrote The Emigrants' Guide to Oregon and California. The Emigrants' Guide to Oregon and California - Ebook written by Lansford Hastings. Instead, our system considers things like how recent a review is and if the reviewer bought the item on Amazon. Before their rescue the following March, many of the group resorted to cannibalism. The “Hastings Cutoff” they chose was an alternative route that its namesake, Lansford Hastings, claimed would shave at least 300 miles off the journey. Title page, The Emigrants' Guide to Oregon and California, written by Lansford Hastings, and published in 1845 Hastings wrote The Emigrants' Guide to Oregon and California to induce Americans to move to California, hoping they could effect a bloodless revolution by sheer numbers. Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. The Emigrant's Guide: To Oregon and California in 1845 by Lansford W. Hastings ($17.39. In depicting Hastings as a man who put ambition before safety, Donner Party storytellers have a convenient scapegoat for “the most bizarre and spectacular tragedy in Californian history.”. ( Log Out /  The Emigrant’s Guide was a critical part of this process. To cover publication costs, he traveled across the Midwest giving temperance lectures, one of many testaments to his astounding knack for travelling. Please try again. It contains observations and descriptions from various emigrants, as well as navigable routes and information regarding necessary supplies. To calculate the overall star rating and percentage breakdown by star, we don’t use a simple average. The Emigrants' Guide: To Oregon and California in 1844, The Emigrants' Guide to Oregon and California, The Best Land Under Heaven: The Donner Party in the Age of Manifest Destiny, The Indifferent Stars Above: The Harrowing Saga of a Donner Party Bride (P.S. Fast and free shipping free returns cash on delivery available on eligible purchase. In 1940, a writer was able to track down three of the original Santarém emigrants. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Hastings was also an opportunist, a contrarian, and a scoundrel, but for far more interesting reasons than are commonly parroted in Donner Party accounts. The explorer pinned notes to rocks and trees to advise the stragglers, but the party fell more and more behind amidst the grueling and unsafe terrain of the Wasatch Range and the western Utah salt flats. ( Log Out /  The Emigrants’ Guide to Oregon and California: The 1845 Pioneers’ Guide for the Westward Traveler, by Lansford W. Hastings $ 14.95 Prepare yourself for a trip westward through time-back to 1845 and the days of the pioneers. The emigrants had been told that Lansford Hastings would be waiting at Fort Bridger to guide them in person over the new trail. There was a problem loading your book clubs. Used - Good. Love this book...Arrived quickly and in great condition. He led the overland wagon train to Oregon in 1842. Yet the misconceptions do not always correct in his favor. The Emigrants Guide to Oregon & California book. Thomas F. Andrews, “The Ambitions of Lansford W. Hastings: A Study in Western Myth-Making,” Pacific Historical Review, 39:4 (1970), 473-491, Thomas F. Andrews, “Lansford W. Hastings and the Promotion of the Salt Lake Desert Cutoff: A Reappraisal,” Western Historical Quarterly, 4:2 (1973), 133-150, Cyrus B. Dawsey and James M. Dawsey, eds., The Confederados: Old South Immigrants in Brazil (University of Alabama Press, 1995), http://www.dsloan.com/Auctions/A12/41WebA12.htm, Lansford W. Hastings, The Emigrants Guide to Oregon and California, 1845, Frank McLynn, Wagons West: The Epic Story of America’s Overland Trails (New York: Grove Press, 2002), http://tahoetopia.com/news/donner-party-tried-shortcut. Anxious to attract Americans to northern California, Lansford W. Hastings published his famous Emigrants Guide to Oregon and California in 1845, which touted the Golden State over the Beaver State. The “schemes” that the explorer could be acquitted of in the 1840s were now a real ambition: he hoped to capture “the most valuable agricultural and grazing lands” of the California and Arizona territories and annex them into the Confederacy under his leadership. Title page, The Emigrants' Guide to Oregon and California, written by Lansford Hastings, and published in 1845 Hastings wrote The Emigrants' Guide to Oregon and California to induce Americans to move to California, hoping they could effect a bloodless revolution by sheer numbers. (CH. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. Not promote the cutoff that bears his name in his book Change ), you commenting! Book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices more Guide... Distracted almost everyone from the actual consequences of Lansford Hastings organized a group of Emigrants to carry Hastings plan! 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