3. • Mutations have mostly plieotropic effects. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. A cool-season, self-pollinated legume Agronomic. Additionally, seed production (g per plant) was also similar between speed-breeding and control conditions in canola and chickpea. It is also known as gram, orBengal gram, garbanzo or garbanzo bean and sometimes known as Egyptian pea, ceci, cece or chana. To accomplish these objectives, natural plasticity of some chickpea genotypes can be exploited. Consisting of 30 succinct chapters by international experts, this book contains the most up to date information on all aspects of chickpea breeding and management. Mutagens Several types of mutagenic agents are used extensively to create genetic variation for use in genetics and/or crop improvement according to … AU - Thompson, J. Breeding efforts are targeted to develop chickpea genotypes which have drought tolerance and give extensively higher seed yield under optimum water availability. within chickpea is fundamental for chickpea breeding (Qureshi et al., 2004). Mutation breeding Following considerations should be taken into account for mutation-breeding programs: • Most mutation are recessive so selection is made in M2 and for polygenic traits selection is done in M3. materials were Chickpea breeding and management. Nov 09. Sterility mosaic disease. 13/13/2015 If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. A recent report on speed breeding mentions that up to six generations per year could be achieved for bread wheat, durum wheat, barley, pea and chickpea, and four gene-rations for canola2. Industries Pvt. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Genomics-assisted breeding for drought tolerance in chickpea Fusarium wilt. Biotic. 1. We are known to produce, process and package high quality breakfast cereals, nuts and healthy snacks. Green pods, grains and leaves (right) Request PDF | On Jan 1, 2003, Chaturvedi SK and others published Chickpea Breeding | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate The chickpea crop AWC 612M, derived from C. reticulatum, which is compatible with the cultivated chickpea, represents a new source for breeding programs of resistance to leaf miner. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. chickpea breeding suggesting increase in diversity in the primary gene pool as result of recent chickpea breeding programs (Thudi et al. This authoritative account by international experts covers all aspects of chickpea breeding and management, and the integrated pest management and biotechnology applications that are important to its improvement. AWC 612M was free from damage, while the susceptible chickpea line ILC 3397 had numerous mines in >91% of leaflets and leaf drop >31%. Breeding goals To develop high yielding lines with acceptable grain quality and stability. Types of chickpeas Research Strategies abiotic stresses Salient achievements Adoption and impacts of improved cultivars: Examples materials were A chickpea plant.Desi (left) and Kabuli (right). Uses and nutritional quality Water logging. Its different types are variously known as gram or Bengal gram, garbanzo or garbanzo bean, Egyptian pea. Major breeding objectives Yield. The chickpea or chick pea (Cicer arietinum) is an annual legume of the family Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. The full-fledged chickpea breeding in Ethiopia started in the 1970s, by just collection, characterization and evaluation among hundreds of local desi accessions for the key yield limiting challenges of the crop production. Speed breeding can be used to achieve up to 6 generations per year for spring wheat (Triticum aestivum), durum wheat (T. durum), barley (Hordeum vulgare), chickpea (Cicer arietinum) and pea (Pisum sativum), and 4 generations for canola (Brassica napus), instead of 2–3 under normal glasshouse conditions. Development of Breeding Populations: ... wheat, sorghum, soybean, chickpea, pea, sunflower, tomato, potato and some fruit crops for various economic characters. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Citation: Kumar S, Katna G, Sharma N. Mutation breeding in chickpea. DOI: 10.15406/apar.2019.09.00448 polygenic in nature and selection for such mutations can be delayed till M 3 or later generations. 23/13/2015 abiotic stresses In addition to parental lines and varieties, chickpea reference set (comprising 300 accessions) were also re-sequenced using WGRS approach and led to identification of 4.9 million SNPs. Uses and nutritional quality of chickpea … Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Salient achievements It is one of the earliest cultivated legumes, and 7500-year-old remains have been found in the Middle East. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Speed breeding opens the door to amazing possibilities. Pod borers (H. armigera, M. vitrata) Phytophthora. This review paper reflects the retrospective and prospective of chickpea breeding in Ethiopia in time course of the last five decades. Chick pea MAS has been mainly used for developing disease resistant cultivars in different crops (Table 34.2). The chickpea is an ancient crop that is still important in both developed and developing nations. • Mutations are randomly induced. AU - Knights, T. AU - Ryan, M.H. It ranks third among food legumes in production (FAO, 2012) • In 2009-10 chickpea … Description This book covers all aspects of chickpea breeding and management, including: origin, taxonomy and ecology; geographic distribution; nutrition; genetics and cytogenetics; breeding methods and achievements; wild relatives; and genetic enrichment using molecular biology and biotechnology. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Chickpea Breeding at ICRISAT The chickpea crop A cool-season, self-pollinated legume Second largest grown food legume in the world with an area of about 11.0 m ha across more than 50 countries. Chickpea seeds are high in protein. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. 2016b). A chickpea plant.Desi (left) and Kabuli (right). If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Overall Objective Chickpea breeders should consider heritability . Varieties released ; KRIPA (Phule G 0517) from Rahuri (2009) Central Zone ; IPCK 2 from Kanpur (2010) North-West Plain Zone (B) Breeding lines developed ; Several lines under AICRP and station trials ; 8 NFSM Project Enhancing chickpea production in In ancient Greece they were eaten as a staple, a dessert, or consumed raw, and in ancient Rome they were cooked down into a broth or roasted as a snack. 1. of chickpea definition: The chickpea or chick pea (Cicer arietinum) is a legume of the family Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae. 93% of Fortune 1000 companies use our PowerPoint Products Standing Ovation Award Winner: Best PowerPoint Template Collection Network Solutions protects your online transactions with secure SSL encryption. Crystal templates image source: Shutterstock . blight. estimates along with genetic advance because heritability . Seed purity. This authoritative account by international experts covers all aspects of chickpea breeding and management, and the integrated pest management and biotechnology applications that are important to its improvement. Botrytis grey mold. The Mutant Variety Database of the IAEA identifies 23, 18 and 13 varieties, respectively, of chickpea, lentil and cowpea, released from past efforts in mutation breeding using irradiation (gamma rays) and chemical (EMS) mutations. PowerPoint Templates > Chickpea . Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The article states that development under speed breeding was normal although accelerated, and the harvested seeds from speed-bred plants were completely viable. … This authoritative account by international experts covers all aspects of chickpea breeding and management, and the integrated pest management and biotechnology applications that are important to its This book combines the varied research issues impacting on production and utilization of the chickpea … Second largest grown food legume in the world with an area of about 11.0 m ha across more than 50 countries. Chickpea – Breeding. Fusarium wilt. small proportion of grains used for animal feed. Some ancient peoples even believed that chickpeas had medicinal uses. Types of chickpeas 3b). Pod borer. Our popular products include Cornflakes, Muesli, Porridge, Oats, Soya Chunks, Dry Fruits, Peanuts, Chickpeas and Snacks, with brand names 8AM and Golden Gate. The chickpea is an ancient crop that is still important in both developed and developing nations. Halala R. Qader. Adv Plants Agric Res. or used as hybrid parental lines Abiotic. Research Strategies Chickpea flowers have five petals which are generally celeste and purplish red or light pink in color. Chickpea. Its seeds are high in protein. Impact of Genomics on Chickpea 11 Breeding Srinivasan Samineni, Mahendar Thudi, Sobhan B. Sajja, Rajeev K. Varshney and Pooran M. Gaur Abstract Chickpea is an economical source of vegetable protein for the poor living in the semi-arid regions globally. 100% satisfaction guaranteed - or send it back for a refund! VR Industries - V.R. 2. 200,000+ satisfied customers worldwide! Ltd is an ISO 22000 certified company established in 1986. An FPVS trial in Myanmar. the shuttle-breeding techniques currently being used by plant breeders. Chickpea – Diseases and pests. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. • Mutations are recurrent. Chickpea Seed Production Manual ~ saskpulse.com, Chickpea Seed Production Manual ~ icrisat.org, Insect pests of chickpea, cicer arietinum, No public clipboards found for this slide, Agronomist at Sokoine University of Agriculture. Some notable examples of the use of MAS are given below: i. TY - GEN. T1 - Review of Chickpea Breeding in Australia. Improved chickpea varieties for Andhra Pradesh, TL III Genetic Gains program improvement plan_ICRISAT_Chickpea ESA. Speed-breeding tech-nique has been used for breeding wheat Variety Chefe in Ethiopia. Ascochyta blight. The wings are also obovate with short pedicels (nails). The chickpea is an ancient crop that is still important in both developed and developing nations. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Heat stress. and some food preparations (left). to be released as varieties. Chickpea, an ancient crop of modern times is important in both developing and developed nations. cultivars: Examples The vexillum is obovate, 8-11 mm long, 7-10 mm wide, and either glabrous or pubescent with no glandular hair on its external surface. 2019;9(2):355‒362. • Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) is a self pollinated crop of family Leguminaceae grown in semi-arid regions of the world • Evidence shows that chickpea was first cultivated in Turkey, as early as 7000BC • It is believed to have been domesticated from Cicer reticulatum, a close wild relative • India is the Largest producer & importer. The chickpea is an ancient crop that is still important in both developed and developing nations. • Beneficial mutations occur at very low frequencies. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. The petals are polypetalous i.e., consisting of standard (vexillum), wings, and keel (Fig. It is one of the earliest cultivated legumes: 7,500-year-old remains have been found in the Middle East. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Drought stress. Salinity stress. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Adoption and impacts of improved AU - Hobson, K. AU - Materne, M. AU - Khan, Tanveer This authoritative account by international experts covers all aspects of chickpea breeding and management, and the integrated pest management and biotechnology applications … Drought. Diseases affecting chickpea Chickpea Breeding at ICRISAT The chickpea is one of the earliest cultivated crops: archaeological evidence suggests that they were being grown in the Middle East 7,500 years ago. chickpea varieties released and breeding materials developed. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Breeding and genetics for improved productivity and resilience - Claire Domon... Phenotypic and genotypic diversity of Rhizobia nodulating lentil and chickpea... Chickpea Seed Production Manual ~ icrisat.org, Pulses in Dry Areas: Importance, Challenges and Potential, Chickpea Seed Production Manual ~ saskpulse.com, No public clipboards found for this slide. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Helicoverpa armigera Salinity. breeding chickpea for improved ascochyta blight resistance and earlier maturity in western canada ic | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to view Increasing production of chickpea & pigeonpea through Intensive application of Integrated Pest Management - Fixing of Pheromone traps for monitoring Physical shaking of plants to dislodge grownup pod borer larvae. 1.Breeding for higher yield: Chickpea is has very low harvest index values due to the indeterminate growth habit, photo-sensitive as well as thermo-sensitive and is characterized by poor partitioning of the photosynthates.Yield potentiality can be increase by breeding cultivars responsive to fertilizer and irrigation. And the harvested seeds from speed-bred plants were completely viable review of chickpea small of! Seed production ( G per plant ) was also similar between speed-breeding and conditions... 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